Splotting som erfaringsbasert verktøy for medvirkning og stedsforståelse ved byromsutforming

Forfattere

  • Aina Landsverk Hagen Arbeidsforskningsinstituttet, OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet
  • Jenny B. Osuldsen Snøhetta og NMBU

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.7577/formakademisk.2586

Emneord (Nøkkelord):

Landskapsarkitektur, sosialantropologi, metodeutvikling

Sammendrag

Når et sted skal utvikles, er kunnskap om lokalbefolkningens ønsker, innspill og behov avgjørende for både god planlegging og gjennomføring. I økende grad ser vi at kommunale myndigheter, planleggere, urbanister og arkitekter er opptatt av å få tak i folks stemmer utover den lovpålagte medvirkningen. Samtidig mangler viktige aktører både kompetanse og metoder for å kunne nyttiggjøre seg av med­virkningsinnspill. Hvordan kan folks personlige historier og refleksjoner bli en viktig del av kunnskaps­grunnlaget for en stedsutviklingsprosess og hvordan får vi tak i folks mangfoldige erfaringer og menings­verden på en effektiv og ivaretagende måte? Vi har gjennom flere år med aksjonsforskning på barn og unges medvirkning i by- og stedsutviklingsprosesser, utviklet en kombinert tegneøvelse, dia­log­verktøy og læringsintervensjon vi kaller «splotting». Her tar vi utgangspunkt i det enkle spørsmålet: Hvor har du det godt? Metoden er testet og utviklet i samarbeid med blant andre lokal ungdom i Oslo og landskaps­arkitektstudenter fra NMBU, og gir innsikt i steders betydning for de menneskene det angår uten bruk av forutbestemte kategorier og såkalte «forbildefeller». Splotting er spesielt egnet som verktøy i dialogbaserte medvirkningsprosesser innenfor by- og stedsutvikling med fokus på utforming av det off­entlige rom som sosial arena, blant annet innenfor fag som arkitektur, design og sosialantropologi. Ut­fordringen har vært å sikre systematisk dokumentasjon og oversetting av folks refleksjoner til plan­tegning og formgivning. Metoden har slik store utviklingsmuligheter, og kan også brukes transdisiplinært i samarbeid med fagfelt som kunst og kultur, folkehelse og innenfor organisasjonsutvikling i offentlig sektor.

Forfatterbiografier

Aina Landsverk Hagen, Arbeidsforskningsinstituttet, OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet

Seniorforsker

Jenny B. Osuldsen, Snøhetta og NMBU

Snøhetta Partner, Director, MLArch, MNLA

Professor in Landscape Architecture (NMBU)

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Splotting

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Publisert

2021-10-19

Hvordan referere

Hagen, A. L., & Osuldsen, J. B. (2021). Splotting som erfaringsbasert verktøy for medvirkning og stedsforståelse ved byromsutforming . FormAkademisk - Forskningstidsskrift for Design Og Designdidaktikk, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.7577/formakademisk.2586

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