The Research Literacy of Professionals: Reconciling Evidence-Based Practice and Practical Wisdom
There is widespread agreement that the art/science dichotomy is obsolete; professional practice must accommodate both experience-based judgment and evidence-based tools. However, there is little agreement on what this reconciliation entails, partly because we lack a conceptualization of the professional agency involved. What kind of intellectual ability is needed for the translation of research into practice? This article argues that we need a new conception of research literacy, where the distinct issues of application to practice are addressed. By first replacing the art/science dichotomy with a craft model of professional practice, the article explains how research literacy should be conceived as a virtue that preserves the integrity of the domain of expertise. This virtue is served by a set of sensitivities that enable professionals to embed evidence-based tools into practice in a collaborative and situationally attuned way. The craft-oriented conception of research literacy is explored with examples from medicine and teaching.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Andreas Eriksen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).