EFA in Pakistan: Struggle for Upgrading Literacy


  • Mumtaz Ahmad Assistant Professor of Education, Govt. Degree College 170 J.B Jhang, Higher Education Department (Punjab) Pakistan




literacy, EFA, development, community, policies, targets.


Literacy is an instrument of stability within and among countries and thus may prove an indispensable means of effective participation in the societies and (the) economies of today’s world. Eradication of illiteracy from the world is an important agenda of UNESCO, and one of the six goals of Dakar Framework of Action on Education for All. Illiteracy is also a major problem in Pakistan. The picture of illiteracy in Pakistan is grim, and although successive governments have announced various programmes to promote literacy the situation is still poor because of various political, social, economic and cultural obstacles. To sum up, it can be said that literacy is a skill necessary to acquire or transmit (information) to others.  It is a means not an end in itself. Keeping in view the gravity of the situation of literacy and basic education in the country, Pakistan has completed/implemented a number of actions/activities for broad-based consultations with principal actors of EFA. Furthermore, the Government of Pakistan has accomplished the preparation of provincial and national plans of action and resource mobilization for EFA planning. This paper therefore examines the efforts to decrease illiteracy in Pakistan, a signatory of the worldwide EFA movement.




How to Cite

Ahmad, M. (2011). EFA in Pakistan: Struggle for Upgrading Literacy. Seminar.net, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.7577/seminar.2404