Learning Outcomes in HMD-VR: a Literature Review





Virtual reality, Learning outcomes, Learning, Learning motivation, Learning engagement, HMD, head-mounted-displays, immersive


While the educational technology has developed to the point that Extended Reality (XR), including immersive Virtual Reality (VR) can be used in education, the learning outcomes of these technologies in the large scale is still quite unknown. This literature review aims to take a comprehensive look to the field of immersive VR in to find out where the learning outcomes of HMD-VR stands out, and how they compare to other technologies and methods. The main result of this paper is that while HMD-based Virtual Reality Learning Environments (VRLEs) may not be superior compared to other technologies such as desktop-based VR environments regarding direct learning outcomes, a clear indication towards increased learning motivation and engagement can be seen.


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How to Cite

Lähtevänoja, A., Vesisenaho, M., Vasalampi, K., Holopainen, J., & Häkkinen, P. (2022). Learning Outcomes in HMD-VR: a Literature Review. Seminar.net, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.7577/seminar.4692