Hartland Hanga

Capturing creative communication of tacit knowledge in printmaking




Emneord (Nøkkelord):

Printmaking, Tacit Knowledge, Embodied learning, woodblock printing, practice-led research


From October 2021 to July 2022 the author, Wuon-Gean Ho, was invited to work with a printmaking collect­ive called Pine Feroda. Based in the UK, Pine Feroda create impressive large-scale woodblock prints of nature. Using a practice-led approach, the author developed an entirely novel printmaking technique which she named Hartland Hanga. Making audio-visual recordings of the artists working together captured the transmission of tacit knowledge as it emerged in real time. Using elements of conversation analysis from ethnography revealed how this group spoke to each other. The artists used creative strategies such as new phrases, verbal metaphors and gestural analogies to communicate elements of tacit knowledge. It is postulated that humour and creative communication might help the transmission and embedding of tacit knowledge between artists.


Wuon-Gean Ho, University of the West of England Bristol



Bateson, G., & Mead, M. (1942). Balinese Character—A Photographic Analysis. New York Academy of Sciences. https://monoskop.org/images/8/8d/Bateson_Gregory_Mead_Margaret_Balinese_Character_A_Photographic_Analysis.pdf

Beilock, S. L., Lyons, I. M., Mattarella-Micke, A., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2008). Sports experience changes the neural processing of action language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105(36), 13269–13273. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0803424105

Berkovich-Ohana, A., Dor-Ziderman, Y., Trautwein, F.-M., Schweitzer, Y., Nave, O., Fulder, S., & Ataria, Y. (2020). The Hitchhiker’s Guide to Neurophenomenology – The Case of Studying Self Boundaries With Meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 1680. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01680

Davie, W. (2022, July 29). The Romance of a New Medium: Helen Frankenthaler and the Art of Collaboration. https://gagosian.com/quarterly/2022/07/29/essay-romance-of-a-new-medium-helen-frankenthaler-and-the-art-of-collaboration/

Diamond, A. (2013). Executive Functions. Annual Review of Psychology, 64(1), 135–168. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143750

Fortun, K., George E., M., James, C., Mary Louise, P., Michael M. J., F., Paul, R., Renato, R., & Stephen A., T. (2020). Writing Culture (J. Clifford & G. E. Marcus, Eds.; 25th Anniversary Edition, Reprint 2020). University of California Press.

Garfinkel, H. (1984). Studies in ethnomethodology. Polity Press.

Geertz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Cultures, Selected Essays. Fontana Press.

Gentner, D., & Smith, L. A. (2013). Analogical Learning and Reasoning. Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195376746.013.0042

González-Martínez, E., & Mlynář, J. (2019). Practical trust. Social Science Information, 58(4), 608–630. https://doi.org/10.1177/0539018419890565

Green, J. L., Baker, W. D., Chian, M. M., Vanderhoof, C., Hooper, L., Kelly, G. J., Skukauskaite, A., & Kalainoff, M. Z. (2020). Studying the Over-Time Construction of Knowledge in Educational Settings: A Microethnographic Discourse Analysis Approach. Review of Research in Education, 44(1), 161–194. https://doi.org/10.3102/0091732X20903121

Heath, C., Hindmarsh, J., & Luff, P. (2010). Video in qualitative research: Analysing social interaction in everyday life. SAGE. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781526435385

Ingold, T. (2015). The Life of Lines. Routledge.

Kontra, C., Goldin-Meadow, S., & Beilock, S. L. (2012). Embodied Learning Across the Life Span. Topics in Cognitive Science, 4(4), 731–739. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-8765.2012.01221.x

Korn, P. (2017). Why We Make Things and Why it Matters – The Education of a Craftsman. Random House.

Kosma, M. (2023). Phenomenological Body Schema as Motor Habit in Skill Acquisition – Intentionality is in Action. Athens Journal of Sports, 10(2), 83–94. https://doi.org/10.30958/ajspo.10-2-2

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1964). The Primacy of Perception (J. M. Edie (Ed.)). Northwestern University Press.

Mukerji, C. (2014). The cultural power of tacit knowledge: Inarticulacy and Bourdieu’s habitus. American Journal of Cultural Sociology, 2, 348–375. https://doi.org/10.1057/ajcs.2014.8

Peng, M. Y.-P., Feng, Y., Zhao, X., & Chong, W. (2021). Use of Knowledge Transfer Theory to Improve Learning Outcomes of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills of University Students: Evidence From Taiwan. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 583722. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.583722

Psathas, G. (Ed.). (1979). Everyday language: Studies in ethnomethodology. Irvington Publishers/ Halsted Press.

Pye, D. (2007). The Nature and Art of Workmanship. Herbert Press.

Saragih, H. (2019). Co-creation experiences in the music business: A systematic literature review. Journal of Management Development, 38(6), 464–483. https://doi.org/10.1108/JMD-11-2018-0339

Sennett, R. (2008). The craftsman. Yale University Press.

Sidnell, J., & Stivers, T. (Eds.). (2013). The handbook of conversation analysis. Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118325001

Smith, E. A. (2001). The role of tacit and explicit knowledge in the workplace. Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(4), 311–321. https://doi.org/10.1108/13673270110411733

Wenger-Trayner, E., & Wenger-Trayner, B. (2015). An introduction to communities of practice: A brief overview of the concept and its uses. https://www.wenger-trayner.com/introduction-to-communities-of-practice




Hvordan referere

Ho, W.-G. (2023). Hartland Hanga: Capturing creative communication of tacit knowledge in printmaking . FormAkademisk, 16(4). https://doi.org/10.7577/formakademisk.5449

Cited by